2:40 – What [[Tyler Cowen]] considers his compounding advantage.
Start early and keep going for many years. Many stop learning and self-improvement as they get older.
Why do people stop learning and self-improvement? Starting early you give up a normal childhood, which isn’t necessarily bad but many don’t want to do it. Once you reach a certain age (e.g. 45) you can take paths that have high income but low growth / learning (e.g. [[Consulting]])**, so why go the extra mile? **
5:56 – Why being born as an intelligent person is not as important as developing knowledge. #intelligence #knowledge
A good lesson is there are many smarter people than you. Figuring out you’re pretty smart, but not that smart is actually a good combination.
8:23 – How [[Tyler Cowen]] maximizes the value of his [[consumption]] and minimizes the drawbacks.
A lot of the value of [[consumption]] is [[memory]] or [[anticipation]]. You can cut consumption of bad things by 2/3, but still get most of the benefit (e.g. eating dessert).
9:19 – What draws [[Tyler Cowen]] to the people he likes spending time with, and what he likes best about their friendship.
Advantages of people in [[Silicon Valley]]:** super smart but not necessarily highly educated so they don’t just believe what everyone else does. **They think outside the box. They’re thinkers as well as people that have had to do things and pass [[reality]] tests. The only test most academics face is "can I publish this piece?"
12:33 – Why [[Tyler Cowen]] feels that the way he has lived his life has meant has not given anything up.
15:35 – How the fundamentals of productivity came intuitively to [[Tyler Cowen]].
He writes every day, with the exception of 10-15 days a year. If you write every day, you don’t have to worry about how much you’ve written, it’s going to add up. The regularity also pushes you along a learning curve so you’ll get more done. #writing
One thing he does is lay out arguments of views he disagrees with. You understand them better, sympathize with them more, and sometimes you change your mind. It makes you stupider to repeat views you agree with / are familiar with. #writing #Thinking
17:41 – Why [[Tyler Cowen]] writes in his particular style not by choice, but by necessity.
There’s a beauty / clarity choice in [[writing]]. He’s not good at the beautiful prose type of writing. He focuses on clarity.
22:19 – Why the things in [[Tyler Cowen]]’s life that bind his [[output]] aren’t what you think.
Big binding factors: [[ideas]], time spent writing / thinking, and time spent talking to people (which helps him come up with ideas).
24:06 – How to develop new [[ideas]] while staying focused on the subject and not getting tangled.
Just keep [[writing]] and re-writing. A book will typically be reworked 10 times. Effort and application – there are no tricks.
27:36 – Why [[Tyler Cowen]] sees [[art]] as one of the most important and beneficial things you can spend your [[time]] and [[money]] on.
You make your home special, learn other cultures, learn other points of review, develop judgement skills useful in other areas.
32:41 – What writers can learn about inspiration and consistency from [[musicians]] and [[visual artists]].
Many [[artists]] tend to work in bursts. That’s not how he writes. Some writers are like that.
The half-life of ideas is very short. Be selfish, maximize your personal learning and your impact now. Don’t worry about [[legacy]]. Take [[Gary Becker]] – one of the top [[economics]] Nobel laureates. Nobody reads him now.
37:16 – Why [[Peter Thiel]] has impacted [[Tyler Cowen]] so deeply and why Tyler believes he’s one of the greatest thinkers of our time.
He understands the [[humanities]] so well. [[Tyler Cowen]] sees him as a top thinker in this area.
He has the best [[bullshit]] detector of anyone he’s ever spoken with. He gets when people are bluffing. He’s probably the best selector of [[talent]], and to do that well you need to have a deep understanding of things that at least correlate with the [[humanities]]. #Hiring
He takes the [[humanities]] seriously, and takes a deeply [[moral]] perspective. This is looked down upon and discouraged in a lot of [[academia]]. He takes [[religion]] seriously, takes input from a variety of sources, has real-world experience with companies, fluency in two languages ([[English]] and [[German]]).
40:30 – How [[Tyler Cowen]] is able to extract more from his [[reading]] than other people do.
He has [[hyperlexia]]
Talks about [[Norway]], some major figures there and why he has read up on major figures in the country.
Also talks about prepping for [[Margaret Atwood]]
45:44 – How understanding most other people’s [[intelligence]] is higher than his in most fields gave [[Tyler Cowen]] an edge over other thinkers.
49:00 – Why [[Tyler Cowen]] sees a new visibility of [[talent]] in people and how he is using this visibility.
He’s bullish on [[Craig Palsson]], @marketpower on [[Twitter]]. He wants to be out there, determined, focus, and caring about getting things right. The emphasis on [[writing]] is commonly a big plus – it’s a sign of clear thinking.
[[David Perell]] sees his advantage as someone that takes action quickly. [[Tyler Cowen]] adds that successful people have an honest "what am I good at" [[metarationality]].
55:24 – How [[Tyler Cowen]] constructs his [[interviews]] to maximize the freedom of his guests to speak freely on what they love.
His interview style likely doesn’t apply to most others, unless you read a lot.
He doesn’t [[probe]], because people repeat a lot and get defensive.
1:00:03 – How to develop skills as a teacher and where [[Tyler Cowen]] believes the strengths of a good teacher lie. #Teaching
Student evaluations aren’t that helpful.
He gets better by just teaching a lot.
1:03:34 – Why the novelty and beauty of visiting other cultures excites [[Tyler Cowen]] so much. #travel
1:07:18 – How [[Tyler Cowen]] makes the most out of his travels. #travel
It wasn’t until he saw a large number of places did he start to love [[travel]]. The first place he went outside of the US was Oxford, England. He didn’t get much out of it, didn’t really enjoy it that much.
As you get older and more successful, it’s harder to get critical [[feedback]] from people. Hang out with critical people and hope you can get benefits. It’s hard to do this. If you are around people that are above you in the hierarchy, you should be critical too. #aging
He hasn’t seen anyone better than [[Patrick Collison]] at quickly learning new [[concepts]], by an order of magnitude.
1:13:32 – Why sitting in a suboptimal seat at a concert may give you worse sound but a better understanding of the [[music]]. #concerts #[[live music]]
Mentions going to [[The Village Vanguard]] randomly, because you know whatever is there will be good.
1:16:55 – Why knowledge workers are often not motivated to improve their [[skills]]. #[[knowledge work]]
Some of it is a fault in the market, because it’s hard to recognize talent. That’s why [[Tyler Cowen]] is writing a new book on spotting talent. You can do things to improve, but there is not always a return because the market doesn’t recognize it. If you’re better at spotting [[talent]], it makes more sense to invest in it.
You need a somewhat long [[time-horizon]]
You don’t really need [[discipline]]. It can be a form of entertainment or [[procrastination]] to improve your skills. Discipline and [[Conscientiousness]] are more ambiguous than we realize.
"The more you know, the more you can order things into coherent thoughts." Learning begets [[learning]]. True of reading, true of travel, true of food. #chunking #Thinking #skills
1:20:48 – Why [[Tyler Cowen]] still responds to every [[Email]] and loves it.
He finds time for this because of what he doesn’t do: he hardly watches [[TV]], **his social life is basically the same as his intellectual life **- his social life is geared towards thinking, discussing, exploring ideas. With no TV, you end up with a lot of [[time]]. #[[unproductive internet activities]]
Isn’t [[email]] a low leverage use of his time? **He learns a lot from people that email him, and has filtered his audience so it’s mostly smart people. **He does this by being "sufficiently weird". He’s not even sure it’s highly leveraged. He met [[Patrick Collison]] that way. He doesn’t care if it’s highly leveraged if he’s learning from it. #[[Audience Building]]